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Victims of terrorist attack on Dubrovka
Written by newsru.com   
, 26 2010
Victims of terrorist attack on Dubrovka suffer the consequences of the harmless gas: they are sick, deaf and blind
 , 26 ,          On Tuesday, October 26th, Russia remembers the victims of the terrorist attack on the theater at Dubrovka. OnOctober 22nd (sic), 2002, during the musical Nord-Ost, terrorists took 912people hostage and held them for three days. Onthe morning of October 26th the authorities launched a special operation, during which a gas was used in order to prevent the guerrillas from blowing up the booby-trapped building. Asa result, all the terrorists were destroyed and 130hostages, including 10children, were killed. Undisclosed details of the raid, as well as how the former hostages now live, were recounted to the media by the co-chair of the Nord-Ost Regional Public Organization, Tatiana Karpova, her husband Sergey, and their son Nikolai. Thefamily lost their son, Nikolai's brother, Aleksandr Karpov, in the attack. According to them, despite assurances from the authorities that a harmless gas was used in the assault, 8years later people constantly seek constant treatment for aggravated chronic and acquired illnesses.
As Tatiana Karpova reported to Novye Izvestiya, at this time the federal government does not assist the former hostages. Forthe last four years the only support has been provided by the Moscow mayor's office, help such as the installation of a memorial plaque and assistance in finding physicians and receiving summer holidays for orphans of the assault.
As Tatiana’s husband Sergey Karpov told Moskovsky Komsomolets, virtually all the illnesses, from which the former hostages are currently suffering, are associated with disruption of cerebral circulation and respiratory function. According to the father of the slain hostage, 12hostages are now completely deaf. Manyhave gravely diminished vision, while others suffer from memory loss.
Virtually all have seriously impaired renal and liver function and problems with their digestive system. Forsome these illnesses appeared immediately after the assault, while others had health problems begin later. People became disabled, and many former hostages ended up in psychiatric hospitals. Ininformal conversations, doctors tell the sick hostages that it was due to the gas.
According to Karpov, some women declared that after the assault they had to sign a form stating that they should not have children for at least 5years. Onehostage at the time of the terrorist attack, however, was pregnant. Asa result, she gave birth to a disabled child, the little girl has cerebral palsy and several other severe diseases. Themother raises her child alone, and besides the child she cares for her two parents who were disabled at Chernobyl.
According to members of the public organization that unites the victims of Nord-Ost, there is now heavy pressure being brought to bear against people who were present at the terrorist attack. Noone will rent them facilities for commemorations.
Under the law, Nord-Ost is not considered to have been a terrorist attack
According to Tatiana Karpova, the hostages have still not gained the status of victim of a terrorist attack. Despite the fact that a rehabilitation center at Moscow City Hospital #13 states that it is prepared to receive the former hostages, in reality the only free services are simple sample analyses. Orphaned children receive survivor benefits of only about 3thousand rubles (ed: about$120 a month). Onlythe Korallovo School, founded by Mikhail Khodorkovsky, the former head of Yukos Oil, accepts child victims from Nord-Ost and other attacks free of charge.
As Tatiana Karpova tells it, most of the former hostages are in dire need of free medicine. Someneed psychiatric help, and one hostage discovered a tumor and needs good doctors and a hospital. Aninitiative by the group of the victims' relatives seeks deferments from military service for boys who went through Nord-Ost.
As Tatiana Karpova explains, the organization she chairs helps not only victims of Nord-Ost, but also victims of other terrorist attacks such as Beslan, the subway bombings, and the destruction of aircraft in 2004. Theorganization has about 7thousand members.
According to Karpova, their difficulty in finding justice is because the law does not consider Nord-Ost to have been a terrorist act, since a terrorist attack is a completed action. Had the theater been blown up, it would be a terrorist attack, but as such it was only a hostage situation, added the co-chair.
In Strasbourg they are studying 12kilos of documents from Nord-Ost
According to Tatiana Karpova, the government benefited by the security forces killing all the terrorists during the assault, though it would have been easy to take them alive, since they were under the influence of the gas. According to Tatiana Karpova, men in civilian clothes summoned her to an interview, and they told her to come to her senses and stop defending the rights of the hostages. Thechances that someone will be held responsible for the death of people during the assault are nil, says the mother of the slain hostage. Thecreator of the deadly gas, however, was awarded the title Hero of Russia.
But victims of Nord-Ost will not give up they have already reached the Strasbourg Court. Intheir complaints to the European Court of Human Rights, it was stated said that during the investigation of terrorist attack the Russian authorities violated the 2nd, 6th and 13th articles of the European Convention on Human Rights, which guarantee the right to life, a fair trial, and effective legal mechanisms.
In April, the ECHR found two groups of complaints from victims of the hostage situation in the theater on Dubrovka to be admissible, and combined into one case the two groups that had filed lawsuits. According to the hostages' representatives, 12kg of materials on Nord-Ost, including the testimony of witnesses, were sent to Strasbourg.
Secret gas killed people because doctors were never told of an antidote
As Tatiana Karpova's husband Sergey stated during an interview with MK (Moscow Komsomolets), the formula of gas, which was used at the Theatrical Center, is still unknown. TheGovernment alleges that the gas was harmless. Emergency physicians on ambulances that transported the hostages guessed that the victims might have received opiate poisoning. Somedoctors said they detected the smell of nerve gas.
Several years ago the FSB told hostages that in creating the gas they used a secret formula based on derivatives of fentanyl. Eventhough the Ministry of Health was trying to convince people that the drug itself could not cause death, a medical reference book states that fentanyl is a narcotic analgesic, and that a wrong dose could lead to death.
According to Sergey Karpov, the former hostages and members of their families still believe that the assault was unnecessary, and that it would have been possible to avoid many casualties had the authorities worked out in advance a competent evacuation and medical assistance to the hostages. After the assault, when Special Forces and physicians entered the Theater Center, they found an auditorium full of dead people. People were sitting or lying unconscious, and all were cyanotic. Thedoctors were confused. After all, they had been warned that Dubrovka would be full of wounded people with explosives traumas, amputations, and gunshot wounds. Nota word was said about gas, said the father of the slain hostage.
As a result the doctors were forced to determine the type of gas on their own, and inject what they assumed might be an antidote. Theused naloxone, but in the confusion some hostages received two or three doses, while others none. Thedrug is dangerous, since an extra dose could lead to cardiac arrest.
People in serious condition were dragged along the pavement to buses
In addition, proper transport for the hostages was not organized. Theliving and the dead were all stacked on the pavement in front of the theater center, and then all were loaded into buses and mini-vans. Despite the fact that many victims of the gas attack began to vomit, people were taken out of the theater and laid on their backs, and unconscious hostages were seated on the bus with their heads lolling backwards. Asa result, people choked on their vomit, and died.
According to materials from an investigation conducted by the hostages' relatives, 58people died on buses and in hospitals. Where to even take the hostages had not been worked out in advance. Onehospital that had been readied to receive victims only received a few people. Sixbuses full of hostages went to another hospital, which could not handle so many victims at once, so the bus drivers had to bring them to yet another hospital, and in so doing wasted valuable time for medical care.
According to Sergey Karpov, in the autopsies of 60% of the hostages that died, it was stated that there was no evidence of health care being rendered. Manyvictims had abrasions on the backs of their necks, and on their arms. Itappears that, in order to get the hostages to the buses, they were simply dragged along the pavement, despite the fact that they were in serious condition.
As the father of the slain hostage put it, the group has not been given access to all materials from the criminal case. Theyonly were allowed to view the medical examinations. Onstudying these materials, the relatives wondered how so many disabled and seriously ill people could have made it to the theatrical center. Theautopsies showed that doctors found that all the deceased hostages had serious kidney, liver, and heart problems. Noneof the autopsies said a word about gas poisoning. Thecauses of death for all the victims were said to physical inactivity, dehydration, and chronic illnesses.
Strange circumstances surfaced during the investigation
Other strange circumstances surfaced as a result of the investigation carried out by the hostages' relatives. Theinvestigators were sure that all the terrorists were killed during the assault. Video taken from the window of a building across from the theater, however, shows that this might not be so. Thevideo shows that after the assault a handcuffed man was yanked from the center and thrown to the pavement by the entrance. After this a woman approached the man and shot him, then dragged his corpse back into the building.
According to Sergey Karpov, many of the Dubrovka workers noticed that among the terrorists were persons who worked with them in the building, workers who were remodeling a nightclub located in the center. Nikolai, the brother of the slain hostage, said that at first the investigators worked on a theory that the theater building had been prepared in advance with the propositioning of weapons and explosives, but then the prosecutor general supposedly banned them from pursuing it.

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