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Constitutional Court orders Russian courts to obey Strasbour
Written by Лента.ру   
Пятница, 26 Февраль 2010

Russia's Constitutional Court declared that verdicts of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in civil cases are grounds for revising the decisions of Russian courts, according to the Constitutional Court's website.

According to the resolution of the Constitutional Court, ECHR decisions are binding on Russia, and the state is not only obliged by the Constitution to make payments to persons whose rights have been violated, but to also provide legal remedies.

The absence of rules in Russian civil procedural codes regarding ECHR-identified violations is no ground for courts to dismiss appeals by citizens.

Accordingly, the Constitutional Court is requiring changes in the Russian civil procedural code to fix ECHR enforcement mechanisms.

The reason for this resolution on case reviews was a triple complaint from residents of Tambov, Taganrog, and Rostov, cases that had been previously considered by the ECHR. The Strasbourg court in all three cases determined that the Russian courts allowed violations of the Convention on the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The applicants had appealed for case reviews due to newly discovered evidence, but all were denied.

As was reported in ‘Gazeta’ (GZT.RU), the first applicant — pilot Alexei Doroshok — was injured in fighting in Chechnya, which later led to a disability. He complained to the ECHR that he was denied his posited retirement. The second applicant — Chernobyl volunteer Anatoly Kot — also complained about a shortfall in disability payments. The third applicant was Elena Fedotova, who sought 1,000 euros from Russia because the Taganrog city government, in violation of the law, challenged a court decision in a small civil lawsuit.


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